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Tata Capital > Blog > Generic > GST State Code List And Jurisdictions In 2024


GST State Code List And Jurisdictions In 2024

GST State Code List And Jurisdictions In 2024

In the dynamic landscape of taxation in India, the Goods and Services Tax (GST) has been a significant reform. As we step into 2024, understanding the GST State Code List and the corresponding jurisdictions becomes essential for businesses and individuals alike. This guide aims to simplify these aspects, making them accessible to everyone.

Understanding GST State Code List

The GST State Code List is a pivotal element in India's GST framework, serving as a backbone for the country's indirect tax system. This list comprises two-digit numerical codes assigned to each state and union territory. These codes are not just random numbers; they are systematically allotted based on the Indian Census of 2011. Understanding this code list is crucial for businesses, tax professionals, and even the general public for several reasons:

1 - GSTIN Structure: The GST State Code is the first part of the 15-digit GSTIN (Goods and Services Tax Identification Number). Each taxpayer registered under GST is assigned a unique GSTIN, which starts with the state code, indicating the primary location of the business.

2 - Facilitates Tax Collection and Administration: These state codes simplify the process of tax collection and administration by identifying the geographic location of a business. This is essential for allocating the tax revenue between the central and state governments accurately.

3 - Ease of Compliance: For businesses operating in multiple states, understanding these codes is vital for compliance. It aids in filing accurate GST returns, as the returns and taxes are state-specific.

4 - Streamlines Interstate Transactions: In the case of the interstate supply of goods and services, the GST State Code plays a crucial role. It helps in identifying the origin and destination states, which is crucial for applying the correct Integrated GST (IGST) rates.

5 - Reduces Errors in Transactions: Misclassification or errors in state codes can lead to compliance issues and possible legal ramifications. Therefore, a clear understanding of the GST State Code List helps in reducing such errors, especially in invoicing and e-way billing.

6 - Essential for Online Transactions: In the era of digital transactions, where e-commerce platforms are extensively used, the correct state code ensures that GST is collected and remitted in the appropriate state jurisdiction.

7 - Facilitates Data Analysis and Policy Making: For government authorities, these codes provide valuable data for analyzing tax collection patterns across different regions, aiding in policy-making and economic planning.

8 - Aids in GST state code search: For taxpayers and professionals, the GST State Code List is a handy tool for conducting GST state code searches. Whether it's for verifying a GSTIN or understanding the jurisdiction of a business, these codes are indispensable.

In essence, the GST State Code List is more than just a part of the GSTIN. It's a critical component that ensures the smooth functioning of the GST regime, enabling effective governance, compliance, and transparency in the indirect taxation system in India. As we progress into 2024, it is imperative for everyone engaged in business activities to familiarize themselves with this list, as it is fundamental to navigating the complexities of the GST landscape.

GST State Codes and Jurisdictions

A) Northern Region

1 - Jammu and Kashmir (01)

2 - Himachal Pradesh (02)

3 - Punjab (03)

4 - Chandigarh (04)

Each state in the northern region has its specific code, facilitating easy identification and jurisdictional clarity.

B) Southern Region

1 - Tamil Nadu (33)

2 - Kerala (32)

3 - Karnataka (29)

The southern states, known for their diverse economies, use these codes for efficient tax administration.

C) Eastern Region

1 - West Bengal (19)

2 - Orissa (21)

3 - Assam (18)

The eastern region, with its unique commercial activities, relies on these codes for seamless GST operations.

D) Western Region

1 - Maharashtra (27)

2 - Gujarat (24)

3 - Rajasthan (08)

These economically vibrant states use their GST codes for various tax-related processes.

E) Central Region

1 - Uttar Pradesh (09)

2 - Madhya Pradesh (23)

The central region, with a mix of industrial and agricultural activities, utilizes these codes under the GST regime.

GST Registration Limit State Wise

The GST registration limit state-wise is a critical aspect of the GST regime in India, crucial for businesses to understand to ensure compliance. Under the GST law, the registration limit refers to the threshold of annual aggregate turnover, beyond which a business must register for GST. This threshold varies across states, largely due to economic disparities and policy decisions aimed at accommodating the unique business environments in different regions.

1 - General Threshold for Registration: The general threshold for GST registration across most Indian states is set at Rs. 20 lakhs for service providers and Rs. 40 lakhs for suppliers of goods. This threshold means that if a business's annual revenue exceeds these limits, it must register for GST.

2 - Special Category States: For the northeastern states and hill states, classified as special category states, the threshold is typically lower. These states include Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tripura, and Uttarakhand. In these regions, the threshold for GST registration is Rs. 10 lakhs for both goods and service providers.

3 - Reasons for Different Thresholds: The rationale behind having different thresholds is to reduce the compliance burden on small businesses, particularly in regions where the economy is still developing. Higher thresholds in more economically developed states recognize the greater capacity of businesses in these regions to comply with GST requirements.

4 - Voluntary Registration: It's important to note that businesses, even if they do not cross the threshold limits, can opt for voluntary GST registration. This is often done to take advantage of the input tax credit or to enhance the business's credibility.

5 - Impact of Aggregate Turnover: The aggregate turnover includes the aggregate value of all taxable supplies, exempt supplies, exports of goods or services, and inter-state supplies. However, it does not include the value of inward supplies on which tax is payable on a reverse charge basis.

6 - Responsibility to Monitor Thresholds: Businesses are required to monitor their turnover and register for GST once they cross the applicable threshold. This requires careful accounting and financial monitoring, especially for businesses on the cusp of these limits.

7 - GST Registration Process: Upon crossing the threshold, businesses must complete the GST registration process, which involves obtaining a GSTIN, filing returns, and complying with other GST regulations.

8 - Updates and Changes: The GST Council periodically reviews these limits and may make changes based on economic conditions, inflation, and other relevant factors. Hence, businesses must stay updated with the latest information.

GST State Code Search: How to Do It

Performing a GST state code search is straightforward. One can visit the official GST portal and look for the 'Search Taxpayer' option. By entering the GSTIN or the name of the business, the relevant state code and jurisdiction details can be obtained.

Challenges and Solutions

Despite the clarity the GST State Code List brings, challenges like jurisdictional confusion and code misinterpretation persist. Businesses and individuals must stay updated with the latest information and seek professional advice when needed.

Conclusion: Streamlining GST Compliance

In conclusion, the GST State Code List and understanding state-wise jurisdictions are fundamental for streamlined tax compliance in 2024. With the right knowledge and tools, navigating through the GST landscape can be made simpler and more efficient. Stay informed, and stay compliant!

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