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Tata Capital > Blog > Loan for Business > What Is Loan Principal In Business Loan And Its Importance?

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What Is Loan Principal In Business Loan And Its Importance?

What Is Loan Principal In Business Loan And Its Importance?


The loan principal is the original amount of the loan, while the interest is a fee charged for borrowing money. Every business or individual taking out a loan must repay the loan's principal amount plus any interest on the outstanding balance. The repayment schedule for a loan will typically involve making periodic payments until the entire debt is paid off.

The size of each payment will depend on the interest rate and the term length. A loan with a higher interest rate will have larger periodic payments since more of the payment will go towards paying off the interest charges. A loan with a longer term will also have larger periodic payments since it will take longer to pay off the entire debt.

In this blog post, we'll take a closer look at loan principal Vs Loan Interest, how loan principal works, how to determine loan principal and how it affects taxes.

Loan Principal vs Loan Interest

When businesses borrow money, they agree to repay the principal amount of the loan plus interest. The interest is the fee charged for borrowing money, and it is typically paid as a percentage of the principal.

The loan principal will be in rupees, while the loan interest will be in percentage. As a result, the rate of interest is determined by the borrower's credit history and the lender's rules. Businesses having good credit scores can expect to pay a lower interest rate on their loans. However, if the business has a poor credit score, it will likely be charged a higher interest rate.

Generally, the interest will depend upon business creditworthiness, meaning how likely the business is to repay the loan. The higher the risk, the higher the interest rate will be. For example, a new business with no credit history will likely pay a higher interest rate than an established business with a good credit history.

How Does a Business Loan Principal Work?

A business loan principal is the amount of money that a business borrows from a lender. The interest rate is the cost of borrowing the money and is typically a percentage of the loan principal.

For example, let's say a business takes out a Rs 1,00,000 loan with a 10% interest rate per annum. If the monthly repayment period is 12 months, the business will need to repay Rs 1,20,000 over the course of the loan. The monthly repayment amount can be calculated using the following formula:

Loan amount x (Interest rate / 12) = Monthly repayment amount.

In this example, the monthly repayment amount would be Rs 6,000. This formula can be used to calculate the monthly repayment amount for any business loan.

The loan amount decreases with each monthly repayment because the repayment amount includes both the interest and a portion of the principal. Businesses can make additional payments towards the loan principal to pay off the debt faster.

How to Determine your Loan Principal?

Understanding the components of loan repayment is key to creating a workable budget. The loan principal is the amount businesses borrow, typically the largest component of a loan payment. The interest rate and repayment schedule dictate how much companies will pay in interest and how quickly the principal will be paid off.

Businesses will also receive periodic statements from the lender outlining how much they need to pay monthly. The report will also show the current outstanding principal, which is the total amount of money that has not yet been paid back. Below are the steps to take in order to determine your loan principal.

  • The first step is to find the original loan amount. This can be found in the loan agreement or the business records. If the business has taken out multiple loans, each principal amount will need to be determined.
  • The second step is to compute the amount of interest that has been paid. Interest is typically charged monthly, so businesses must look at their records to see how much they have paid in total. The interest paid will be applied to the outstanding principal balance.
  • The final step is to subtract the total interest paid from the original loan amount. This will give businesses the outstanding principal balance that they need to repay. Companies should make sure to keep track of their unpaid principal balance so that they can budget accordingly.

By understanding the loan repayment process, businesses can create a budget that will work for them. Keeping track of the principal balance and making timely payments will help businesses stay on top of their loan obligations.

How Does Loan Principal Affect Taxes?

Businesses are always looking for ways to save on taxes. Knowing how loan principal affects taxes can help business owners save money. It also helps to know how different types of loans are taxed.

Any interest accrued can be written off as a business expense come tax season. Business expenses can be used as a deduction to lower the amount of taxes that businesses owe. However, the loan principal itself is not tax deductible.

When calculating a company's income tax, the interest paid is subtracted from gross revenue. Make sure to monitor the taken business loan and send documentation of it to the Income Tax authorities if they request it.


Knowing about the principal loan amount, how it's determined, and how it affects taxes can help businesses save money. Being informed and aware of the loan process can help business owners make the best decisions for their company. Many companies don't know all the ins and outs of business loans, so it's important to consult with a professional if they have any questions. Having all the information can help businesses feel more confident when taking out a loan. We at Tata Capital Business Loans are always happy to help businesses with their loan needs. Connect with us today to see how we can help you!

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