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Tata Capital > Blog > What’s Trending > What is a Domicile Certificate, its Significance and the Application Process?

What's Trending

What is a Domicile Certificate, its Significance and the Application Process?

What is a Domicile Certificate, its Significance and the Application Process?

Each state provides certain benefits to its residents and therefore, it is important to know who are residents of a particular state. Domicile certificate plays an important role in determining the state-wise resident status. This enables people to take the benefit of state government schemes and even to students for admission to schools, colleges and universities. Let’s understand the domicile certificate meaning, its significance and how you can obtain one.

What is a Domicile Certificate?

Domicile certificates are state-level residency certificates. These are issued by the state governments to the residents of their respective states irrespective of religion, language, caste or creed. The purpose of a domicile certificate is to indicate that the person is a permanent resident of that state. A woman who marries a permanent resident of another state can apply for the domicile certificate of that state.

The domicile certificate is the official legal document that acts as evidence of the permanent residence of any person in a particular state or Union Territory (UT). It is generally issued by the revenue department officer, Tehsildar Officer, Sub-Divisional Officer (SDO), District Magistrate (DM), Sub District Magistrate (SDM) or the circle officer.

Different Types of Domicile Certificates

The following are the different types of domicile certificates that can be issued to the residents:

1. Domicile by Birth

This certificate is issued to people born in a respective state. Domicile by Birth certificate remains valid till the person chooses permanent residence in any other state in India. The certificate remains valid even if the person moves out of the state for work or education.

2. Domicile by Choice

This certificate is issued to the persons who move out of the state they are born in and choose to apply for the domicile certificate of another state. They shall fulfil the requisite conditions for obtaining the domicile certificate in other states.

3. Domicile by Dependence

This certificate is issued to the wives and children of the person with a domicile certificate in a state. The wives and children are eligible to get the domicile certificate, as their husbands and parents have the domicile certificate of that state.

Benefits of Domicile Certificate

Following are some of the key benefits of having a domicile certificate of any state or Union Territory:

1. Educational Purposes

Domicile certificates are often required for admission to educational institutions, especially for seats reserved for local residents. Further, many states provide scholarships and fee concessions to local students. A domicile certificate becomes essential to availing of these benefits.

2. Employment Opportunities

Some government jobs and services in states have specific quotas or preferences for local residents. You should have a domicile certificate to claim these reservations. Also, certain professional courses and examinations may have domicile requirements for eligibility.

3. Residential Quotas

Domicile certificates may be necessary for applying to state government housing schemes or availing subsidies for housing. Some states also provide reserved quotas for local residents when allocating residential plots or lands.

4. Government Services and Welfare Programs

Domicile certificates are often required for availing benefits under various government welfare programs and schemes. State governments launch programs to benefit the residents of their states and therefore, it is important to present the domicile certificate.

5. Legal Rights

While a domicile certificate is not the same as a voter ID, it can be used as one of the documents to establish residence for voter registration.

6. Caste and Community Benefits

Domicile certificates are sometimes linked to caste and community certificates, making individuals eligible for reservations and benefits based on their social category. Further, certain financial aids and assistance are provided based on the individual's caste and community status and a domicile certificate may be required to establish eligibility.

7. Social and Cultural Activities

Domicile certificates may be necessary for participating in local cultural and social events, especially those organised or sponsored by the state or local authorities. It also serves as a form of recognition and acknowledgement of one's association with a particular state or union territory.

How to Apply for a Domicile Certificate?

By now, you have understood the purpose of a domicile certificate. You can apply for the domicile certificate both online and offline. Here’s the process of online and offline application for a domicile certificate:

A) Online Application

1 - Visit the official website of your state government or Union Territory

2 - Search and select the option ‘Apply Certificates Online’

3 - Sign in with your user ID or password. If you haven’t created your account, then search for the ‘Register’ or ‘Create Account’ option.

4 - Select ‘Apply for Services’ under the ‘Apply Online’ tab.

5 - Click on ‘Apply’. An application form will appear.

6 - Fill in all the details as required in the application form. Then submit the application.

7 - An acknowledgement number will be generated after submitting the application form. 8 - Save the acknowledge number for future reference and for downloading the domicile certificate. You can also track your application status online.

B) Offline Application

You need to make an application in any of the following government offices:

1 - Revenue Department Officer

2 - Tehsildar Officer

3 - Sub Divisional Officer (SDO)

4 - District Magistrate (DM)

5 - Sub District Magistrate (SDM)

6 - Mamlatdar Office

7 - Collector or Deputy Collector’s Office

8 - Registrar or Sub Registrar Office

9 - Citizen Service Corners (CSC)

You need to apply by filling in all the relevant details and submitting all the required documents. The concerned officer will provide you with the acknowledgement after submission of the form.

In a Nutshell

The importance of a domicile certificate cannot be undermined if you wish to avail yourself of the governmental benefits and your state-specific schemes. This acts as proof of your residential status in a specific state. Different types of domicile certificates allow you to transfer your residential status from one state to another. This ensures that you don’t face any hurdles in education or work in other states as well. You can check the domicile certificate format on the government website. For more useful information, visit TATA Capital blogs!

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