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Tata Capital > Blog > Loan for Education > Education Loan Repayment Rules in India: A Comprehensive Guide

Loan for Education

Education Loan Repayment Rules in India: A Comprehensive Guide

Education Loan Repayment Rules in India: A Comprehensive Guide

As the burden of repayment looms, smart planning becomes paramount, starting from choosing the right bank to navigating through their policies. In this article, we will delve into the intricacies of education loan repayment rules in India, shedding light on the significance of understanding these rules for effective planning. 

Moratorium Period

Understanding the moratorium period is fundamental to crafting a successful education loan repayment strategy. The moratorium period acts as a crucial phase where students are granted a repayment holiday, delaying the start of Equated Monthly Installments (EMIs). Typically, this period spans the course duration plus an additional 6 months to a year.

For instance, if your academic program extends over 2 years, the moratorium period could extend up to 3 years. However, variations exist among banks. In Government banks, students may opt to start EMIs during the moratorium, while in Private banks and NBFCs, this is usually not the case. 

During the moratorium period, Government banks often offer a no-payment option, relieving students from any financial obligation. In contrast, Private banks and NBFCs might require students to pay either full or partial interest during this period.

Education Loan Repayment Rules During Moratorium

Navigating through the moratorium period involves understanding whether repayments are mandatory during this financial respite. Ideally, the moratorium period is designed to offer students a financial breather after completing their studies. During this phase, students are not obliged to make any payments.

However, the scenario varies across banks. Some offer a zero-payment moratorium, allowing students to complete financial relief during this period. In contrast, others may calculate and expect partial or full interest payments. This distinction in policies between banks underscores the importance of knowing your lender's terms.

Government Banks vs. NBFCs

Comparing the education loan repayment processes between Government banks and Non-Banking Financial Corporations (NBFCs) is vital for students making informed decisions. Government banks often stand out due to their student-friendly repayment policies, offering a broader repayment tenure of 12 to 15 years after the moratorium period concludes. This extended tenure provides students with a significant repayment holiday, allowing them to settle into their careers before beginning EMIs.

In contrast, NBFCs present a different approach. While they do offer a moratorium period akin to Government banks, students might be required to pay interest during this phase. Additionally, the total loan tenure in NBFCs is often capped at 10 years, including the moratorium period.

Choosing between Government banks and NBFCs involves careful consideration. Opting for a Government bank with collateral can yield better offers, as the loan tenure includes the moratorium period. This choice is crucial, as it can impact the overall duration of your loan and, subsequently, your financial burden.

Rules For Paying Back Student Loans - When to Start Repaying

Choosing the right time to initiate education loan repayments is a pivotal decision that significantly impacts your financial trajectory. Most students find the optimal window for repayment between 5 to 7 years post-education. 

While the moratorium period offers a payment-free window, it's crucial to recognize that it's not interest-free. Simple interest accrues during this period, especially considering the relatively high-interest rates in Private banks and NBFCs.

Starting repayments early is advised to prevent the accumulation of substantial interest and alleviate the overall cost of the loan. Delaying repayment can inadvertently amplify the financial burden. As the moratorium is a grace period for EMIs but not interest, planning becomes imperative.

Education Loan Repayment Tips

Navigating the complex terrain of education loan repayment requires a strategic approach. Here are key tips to optimize your repayment journey:

1. Avail Oneself of Features: -

1. Capitalize on bank features such as interest rate discounts for female candidates, loan insurance benefits, and schemes like Rinn Raksha.

2. Explore subsidy schemes tailored for differently-abled individuals or those from economically weaker sections.

2. Opt for Fixed Rates: -

1. Consider opting for fixed interest rates over floating rates for stability.

2. Understand the impact of interest rate fluctuations, especially for those with floating interest rates.

3. Take Loan Amount Whenever Required: -

1. Utilize your loan amount judiciously; interest is calculated on the amount utilized, not the sanctioned amount.

2. Seek clarification from TATA Capital if you face challenges understanding this concept.

4. Budget Your Repayment: -

1. Repayment demands meticulous planning and budgeting.

2. Prioritize repaying the loan, cutting down on unnecessary expenses.

3. Create a detailed budget considering monthly EMIs and interest.

5. Utilize Tax Benefits: -

1. Indian bank borrowers can benefit from Section 80E for tax deductions on education loan interest payments.

2. Understand that the deduction is applicable only for the interest component of the EMI, with a maximum tax benefit period of 8 years.


Navigating the landscape of education loan repayment in India demands meticulous planning and a nuanced understanding of policies. From comprehending the intricacies of the moratorium period to making informed choices between Government banks and NBFCs, each decision significantly impacts your financial journey. 

Starting repayments at the right time and implementing strategic tips, such as optimizing available features and utilizing tax benefits, can pave the way for a smoother repayment process.

As you embark on your education loan repayment journey, remember that TATA Capital is here to guide you. For tailored advice and expert assistance, connect with our team to ensure a secure and financially sound future. TATA Capital is committed to making it happen. Apply now for education loan with TATA Capital today!

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