Sometimes, a person faces a financial crisis for which they need to borrow a high sum of money. In these cases, lenders are willing to provide a high loan if the person provides collateral, such as a property they own. There are two types of loans against property available here: home equity and house mortgage loan. The borrower can get a home equity loan against the equity they hold in a property. They can also get a house mortgage loan against fully constructed properties they fully own. Here is a guide on the two loan types.
Home equity loan vs mortgage loan – definitions
A house mortgage loan, also known as a home loan mortgage, is a loan that banks and lending institutions offer against commercial or residential properties that a borrower wholly owns.
So, what is home equity loan? Also called an equity loan or a second mortgage loan, a home equity loan is provided by lenders against the equity of a borrower’s home. The house must be constructed entirely and have clear title deeds.
Going by the term, when you think of the question of what is home equity loan is, the answer indicates that it is a loan taken explicitly against a home's equity. However, the loan can be taken against property that is residential or non-residential.
Home equity loan vs mortgage loan – differences
- Loan amount:
A significant difference between mortgage and home loan is that for a home loan mortgage, the loan amount is derived from the current market value of the commercial or residential property. The borrower can get up to 80% of the property value or up to Rs 1 crore. The property will not have any existing loans and liabilities against it.
The loan amount that the borrower can get against their home in an equity loan is derived from the difference between the property’s current market value and the remaining mortgage balance owed by the borrower. The difference usually comes up to about 50–70% of the property value.
- Type of interest:
Lenders often offer a floating interest rate when a home loan mortgage is concerned. Whereas with an equity loan, lenders usually offer fixed interest rates.
- Processing times:
The processing time for a house mortgage loan is usually around ten days, subject to documentation clearance and verification processes. A home equity loan usually takes two to four weeks to process, subject to documentation clearance and verification processes.
- Prepayment fees:
There are no prepayment fees if the house mortgage loan has a floating interest rate.
Prepayment charges will differ from one lender to another when it comes to a home equity loan, which usually has fixed interest rates.
What are the features and benefits of a home equity loan?
- A home equity loan may be a good choice for borrowers with lower credit scores.
- Since the loan amount is based on the property value, borrowers can get higher loan amounts from a home equity loan than from a personal loan.
- The interest rates offered by lenders for home equity loans are lower than those for personal loans since equity loans have collateral.
- The repayment tenure is usually up to 15 years, and there is flexibility given for the repayment.
- The fixed interest rate also allows borrowers to procure higher loan amounts and repay the same over a predefined tenure.
- Unlike a home loan, there is no need to use the funds for any restricted purpose. Borrowers can utilize the loan amount for any purpose they wish.
- Borrowers can avail of either a fixed-rate interest equity loan or home equity line of credit (HELOC), where they can withdraw funds at their convenience via a checkbook or credit card.
What are the features and benefits of a home loan mortgage?
- When it comes to mortgage vs loan, mortgage loans have lower rates of interest than home equity loans.
- A good credit score and repayment history are a must to avail of this loan.
- The borrower can use the loan amount as per their wish. They can use it to either pay for a child’s higher education or may utilize it for business purposes. The lender has no say in the matter.
- Again, when looking at mortgage vs loan, mortgage loans have faster processing times than home equity loans.
- Since the loan amount is against the property's market value, which does not have any liens attached, the loan amount can be up to 80% of the property value.
- Unlike home equity loans, there are tax benefits available under mortgage loans.
- Borrowers can avail of a regular mortgage loan with a floating interest rate and an overdraft facility (where the borrower deposits surplus funds in the account to enjoy reduced interest liability). They can also top-up loans (where the borrower can avail of additional funds post a specific timeframe of successful repayment).
Home equity loan vs mortgage loan - which one to choose?
Given the features and benefits of both equity and house mortgage loans, both loan types benefit borrowers. Choosing one will usually come down to whether the property has any encumbrance or not. Encumbrance here means that if the property has any unpaid loans and bills. If the property does not have an encumbrance and as long as the property is in the borrower’s name, they can get a mortgage loan.
However, there are times when a person has an existing home loan that they are still paying off. In this case, a home equity loan is available to them.
Both home equity loans and home loan mortgages have great features and benefits. Both are secured loans that offer quick disbursal of a considerable amount of funds to meet the need for emergency funds. If you are looking for funding, avail the home loan from Tata Capital and get attractive options to fund the dreams you have looked forward to!