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A home loan is not just a stepping stone to owning your dream home but also a gateway to tax savings. The government provides a Housing Loan Interest Rebate in income tax as an incentive for individuals to invest in real estate and promote homeownership. This incentive not only encourages aspiring homeowners to take the leap but also lightens their financial burden.
In this article, we will delve deep into the intricacies of the house loan on tax rebate and how one can make the most out of it.
A house Loan tax rebate refers to the discount or relief an individual can claim from their taxable income due to the interest and principal they pay on their housing loan. This essentially means that the portion of your income you use to service the home loan would be exempted from taxation to some extent.
The privilege of a housing loan rebate in income Tax is extended to a broad segment of homeowners. The eligibility primarily revolves around the purpose for which the housing loan was taken. Here’s a detailed look into the eligibility criteria:
Purpose of the Loan: The home loan should have been availed for purchasing, constructing or renovating a property. Loans taken for other reasons, like for buying land without immediate construction plans, may not be eligible.
Ownership of the Property: The person claiming the tax rebate should either be the primary borrower or a co-borrower of the housing loan. Moreover, they should also be an owner or a co-owner of the property in question.
Completion of Property: For most rebates, especially on interest payments, the property should be fully constructed. Tax benefits may not be fully available for properties that are under construction.
Limitation on Multiple Properties: If an individual has more than one property on which he/she is availing tax benefits, there might be certain limitations or caps on the amount that can be claimed as a deduction.
Example: To elucidate further, let’s consider the scenario of Raj and Priya, a married couple. Raj and Priya decide to invest in a flat. They opt for a joint home loan, with Raj as the primary borrower and Priya as the co-borrower. Both have equal ownership rights to the property.
Given this scenario, both Raj and Priya are eligible to claim the Tax Rebate On Home Loan. If the total interest they pay on the home loan in a fiscal year amounts to Rs. 2,50,000, they can both claim a deduction on this amount (divided based on ownership percentage or any other predetermined ratio) under the permissible limits of the tax laws.
However, if Priya then decides to buy another flat solely and secures a separate home loan, her ability to claim tax rebates on both properties may be restricted based on the prevailing tax laws.
Home loans are not a singular, straightforward amount borrowed to acquire a house. They are a composition of various components, each of which has a specific financial and tax implication. The Indian Income Tax Act recognises this complexity and offers deductions on several of these components to ease the borrower’s financial burden. Here’s a detailed breakdown of these components:
This is the actual borrowed amount that you repay over the tenure of your loan. Every EMI you pay has a part that goes towards repaying the principal amount.
Tax Benefit: Under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act, you can claim a deduction for the amount paid as repayment of the principal component of the home loan. However, there’s a cap to the amount you can claim, which is up to Rs. 1.5 lakh per annum.
Caveats: This benefit is available only once the property is acquired or constructed. If you sell the property within 5 years of possession, the deductions claimed will be reversed.
When you borrow a sum, you pay interest on it, which forms a part of your monthly EMI.
Tax Benefit: Section 24(b) of the Income Tax Act serves as a crucial Housing Loan Interest Rebate Section, allowing taxpayers to avail deductions on the interest paid towards their housing loans. For self-occupied properties, the deduction limit is Rs. 2 lakh per annum. However, for let-out properties, there’s no upper limit on the interest amount that can be claimed as a deduction.
Caveats: If the property isn’t acquired or constructed within 5 years from the end of the financial year in which the loan was taken, the interest benefit reduces to Rs. 30,000.
These are the costs associated with the legal processes of buying a property.
Tax Benefit: The amount paid as stamp duty and registration fees can also be claimed under Section 80C. This is a one-time benefit and can be claimed in the year these expenses are incurred.
Caveats: The combined total deduction inclusive of principal repayment, stamp duty and registration charges should not exceed the overall limit of Rs. 1.5 lakh under Section 80C.
This is the interest paid during the construction phase before you receive possession of the property.
Tax Benefit: You can claim this interest as a deduction in five equal installments starting from the year when the construction is completed or when the property is acquired. This is over and above the deduction you claim on the interest paid after possession.
Caveats: This deduction is also subject to the overall limit of Rs. 2 lakh for self-occupied properties under Section 24(b).
To boost the real estate sector and promote home ownership, additional benefits were introduced for first-time homeowners.
Tax Benefit: Under Section 80EE, first-time home buyers can claim an additional deduction of Rs. 50,000 on interest payment. This is over and above the Rs. 2 lakh limit under Section 24(b).
Caveats: The value of the house should be Rs. 50 lakh or less, and the loan amount should not exceed Rs. 35 lakh. Furthermore, the loan should be sanctioned for a specific period to avail this benefit.
Understanding these components and their respective tax implications can help borrowers plan their finances efficiently and make the most of the available tax benefits associated with their home loans.
A home loan rebate in tax is more than just a policy – it’s an opportunity for homeowners. By understanding and optimising the Home Loan Rebate In income Tax, homeowners can enjoy dual benefits: a step closer to their dream home and substantial savings.
For those eager to explore the world of housing loans and make the most of these tax benefits, consider exploring offerings from Tata Capital. Tailored to fit diverse needs, these home loans not only ensure your dream home becomes a reality but also ensure you maximise your tax benefits.
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