Environmental awareness is rising as an increasing number of people wake up to the importance of sustainable practices. This is also being reflected in the way institutions – and retail investors – invest their funds. Over the past two decades, there’s been one buzzword that has been steadily getting louder – and that word is ESG investing. Perhaps you’ve heard of it, or perhaps, if you’re a beginner investor, this is the first time you’re learning about ESG investing. Whatever the case may be, here’s a closer look at what this trend entails.

What is ESG investing?

An acronym for environmental, social and governance related factors, ESG investing is a practice that involves selecting stocks and funds to invest based on how the practices and the policies of the businesses behind them affect the environment, the society and the planet, among other things. It involves weighing the ethical and sustainable aspects of a business before deciding to put investors’ money on them. It’s for this reason that ESG investing is often referred to as ethical investing or green investing.

What are ESG funds?

ESG funds are essentially mutual funds that invest in a portfolio of stocks and/or bonds of companies after considering the environmental, social and governance factors in the decision-making process. These funds invest in the assets of companies that have fared well on the ESG scale, making them ethical investments that would eventually have a positive impact on the environment and the society. For individual investors who are keen on making socially conscious investments, including ESG funds in the investment portfolio is a good strategy to consider.

Important things you need to know about ESG investments

If you’re contemplating investing in ESG funds, then it’s essential that you know the details of what this investment practice entails. Here are some things you need to know before adding ESG assets to your investment portfolio.

1. The E in ESG: Environmental factors

With several countries across the globe getting more serious about environmental concerns like climate change and conservation of natural resources. This is reflected in ESG investment practices, since the environmental repercussions of the policies of the companies behind the stocks are weighed before investors choose such assets. Companies that adopt sustainable business practices tend to fare high on this scale.

2. The S in ESG: Social factors

ESG funds and stocks are also selected and put together after weighing the social impact of the business practices employed by the companies in question. This includes aspects like employee safety measures, fair treatment at the workplace and socio-economic initiatives that companies implement as a part of their Corporate Social Responsibility drive. ESG investment takes into account all such criteria before deciding on whether a company is socially conscious.

3. ESG investing in India

The ESG investment segment is a rapidly growing area in the Indian market. One of the earliest signs of a shift in the investment rationale occurred in 2011, when the NIFTY 100 ESG index was introduced in the market. In the years since, the NIFTY 100 ESG index has recorded a return of 10.6%, while the corresponding figure for the traditional NIFTY 100 index comes in at 9.1% only. AMFI estimates that currently, the assets under management for ESG funds is around Rs. 45 billion. Clearly, this is a quickly emerging segment that you will no doubt want to include in your investment portfolio.

Additional Read: Safe investments to ride out market volatility

4. The G in ESG: Governance-related factors

In this segment, companies are judged based on how they fare with respect to governance-related factors like financial disclosures and adherence to regulatory requirements, among others. Companies that do not conform to the governance requirements applicable to them are generally considered as poor ESG investments. Those businesses that adhere to governance and regulatory laws and ensure that they remain legally compliant are good options to consider.

5. Investing in ESG assets in India

One way to go about investing in an environmentally, socially and governance conscious manner is to evaluate these factors yourself. A more efficient way to go about adding ESG investments to your investment portfolio is to opt for ESG funds, which are quickly being added by the dozens to the existing investment options in the Indian financial markets. These funds, which are managed by professional fund managers, are ideal options for beginner investors as well as for other retail investors who prefer to enlist the help of experts. 

Additional Read: Benefit of Asset Allocation in the Portfolio


If you’re keen on adding some ESG funds to your investment portfolio, then Tata Capital Wealth has some excellent choices for you. Our Focused Funds in this category, like the ICICI Prudential ESG fund, the Aditya Birla Sun Life ESG Fund, and the Mirae Asset ESG Sector Leaders Fund of Funds are both worth considering if you wish to diversify your portfolio and add some ethical investments to it.

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