Ever since the outbreak of COVID-19, countries around the globe have been scrambling to get the pandemic under control. Originally, the disease found its inception in the province of Wuhan, China but since then it has reached the remotest corners. India too is in the midst of a nationwide lockdown whereby people have been asked to stay indoors while the country’s healthcare professionals try to eradicate the growing menace. That said, there has been an increase in the level of mass hysteria and a dearth of reliable sources, thanks to the widespread misinformation about the disease. This makes it all the more crucial to collate relevant facts and bust myths about the virus.
What exactly is coronavirus?
Coronavirus is a virus that can cause a group of mild to severe infectious diseases – including SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome), MERS (Middle East respiratory syndrome) and more recently– the COVID-19 (Coronavirus disease). This virus is mutable and is transmitted from saliva and particle discharge from a coughing or sneezing person. Apart from being airborne, coronavirus is spread through community and surface transmission, and can infect an individual through contact and use of an infected person’s items.
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What are the symptoms of coronavirus?
The symptoms of coronavirus are often confused with those of the common cold, flu and allied respiratory diseases, making it tricky to detect its presence. In fact, infected people might remain unaware about it as the virus can stay asymptomatic for a span of 2-4 weeks. However, WHO has highlighted key symptoms of the disease and allied guidelines on its website for its prevention. Infected individuals may experience a recurring fever, dry cough and fatigue – categorized as mild symptoms – and become a cause for concern when the symptoms amplify, where chest pains, shortness of breath and a sore throat are experienced on a stretch.
When is the right time to get tested?
Coronavirus can affect a range of people but almost all infected persons can recover from the disease after experiencing a moderate manifestation of its symptoms. In most populations around the world, there has been a higher success rate of recovered individuals. However, it is crucial that when mild symptoms are experienced, self-isolation is maintained and immunity is built. Individuals experiencing an aggravation in symptoms should immediately get themselves tested. However, there is no conclusively right time to get tested and to prevent any complications, it is better to get tested at the earliest possible opportunity.
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It is a common myth that the coronavirus doesn’t affect the youth. However, research and statistics have shown that the virus doesn’t discriminate between people with the only exception being that children and persons suffering from severe health complications have a higher chance of contracting the disease. That is why it is important to take every precaution against the disease. Furthermore, with the absence of a vaccine, the only way to minimize the chances of contraction is to social distance and increase immunity.