Most of the residential property in India is developed by the central/state governments or local bodies. Over the last few years, there has been unprecedented growth in the population, but the subsequent infrastructure development has failed to match the pace. This implies that centre and state governments find it challenging to acquire land due to the tedious mechanism and thus fail to develop residential infrastructure in time.
In such a scenario, transferable development rights are a land acquisition mechanism that proposes a win-win situation for both the government and the landowners. Below, we look at how the transfer of development rights works and how it can be beneficial.
What is TDR?
In real estate terms, TDR refers to the rights of the landowners or builders to construct over and above the permissible limit. This limit, or the Floor Area Ratio (FAR), is pre-decided for every locality or area.
However, landowners who acquire the Development Rights Certificate (DRC) after transferring the development rights to the government can exceed the Floor Area Ratio limit. Essentially, this allows them to construct more floors in the building and reap the benefits.
This facility has a lot of benefits for both the parties involved. TheTDR related to housing sector can have the following advantages.
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Tackling overcrowding in urban areas
The previous process of land acquisition was complicated, time-consuming, and expensive. The transfer of development rights has significant advantages for government planning to develop essential infrastructure in overcrowded urban areas. It can quickly acquire the land and use it to construct schools, hospitals, roads, etc.
Flexibility for the landowner
After obtaining the DRC, the landowner can choose to retain the certificate or sell it for money in the free market. The property owner can either use it to develop the remaining part of the land or use it on any other property.
Financial compensation to landowners
Landowners who choose to obtain the DRC certificate and choose not to develop their land get financial compensation. They can legally surrender their rights for development and get corresponding compensation from the government. They can also choose to sell these rights to real estate builders and earn a competitive price for their land.
Landowners can also arrange financial compensation by exchanging the development rights with the construction undertaken by the developer. When the newly constructed flats are sold, both the developer and landowner share the profit.
Additional Read: Five Real Estate Rules All Home Buyers Must Know
To sum up
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